Located 40 km from Mannarkkad, Silent valley is Extremely fragile,
a unique preserve of tropical evergreen rain forests lying above
the equator and the forest strip which causes the summer rains in
The Silent Valley National Park has an area of 90 sq km is located
in the north eastern corner of the district. It rises abruptly to
the Nilgiri Plateau in the north and overlooks the plains of Mannarkkad
in the south. The core of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is the Silent
Valley National Park. Despite its name, the Silent Valley (the clamour
of Cicadas is conspicuously absent here) echoes with the sounds
of teeming wildlife. The denizens of this sprawling habitat of endangered
virgin tropical forests include rare birds, deer and tiger. Perhaps,
nowhere else can one also find such a representative collection
of peninsular mammals, over a 100 species of butterflies and 400
species of moths and other fauna like the Ceylon Frog Moth, Great
Indian Hornbill, the Nilgiri Laughing Thrush and the Lion-tailed
Macaque. The river Kunthi descends from the Nilgiri hills, an altitude
of 2000 m above sea level, and traverses the entire length of the
valley and rushes down to the plains through the deep forest. The
river Kunthi never turns brown and is always crystal clear, perennial
and wild. The evapo-transpiration from these forests is much higher
than from any other surfaces. This cools the atmosphere, helps easy
condensation of water vapour and thus causes the summer rains.
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Situated on an area of 777 square kilometers in the Cardamom hills
region of the Western Ghats the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is one
of the largest and most frequented wildlife reserves in India. It
is visited by the wildlife enthusiasts with a view to spotting tigers
and leopards. But sightings of these animals are all but assured.
However, this place is ideal for watching other animals in their
natural habitat. Other animals include elephant, wild pig, sambar,
gaur, Malabar flying squirrel, stripe-necked mongoose and over 260
species of birds including blue-winged parakeet, Nilgiri wood pigeon,
white-bellied tree pie, laughing thrushes and flycatchers. Located
close to the border of the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, the
park makes an ideal base to have a sojourn while undertaking long
journey across the Ghats between Madurai and the coast. It's also
a convenient place for excursion to the Cardamom hills, combined
with the well known pilgrimage center of the Sabarimala, a couple
of tea factories, spice plantations, and spectacular view of the
forest waterfalls all of them a stone's throw distance. Situated
at cool altitudes with temperatures ranging between 15?C and 30?C,
the park centers on a vast artificial lake. It was included into
the Tiger Project in 1979. Boat cruises on the lake are the best
way to explore the park. There are boat services, which will take
you around the lake. You can also indulge in trekking and elephant
rides in the sanctuary. The best time to visit the Park is from
December to April, when the dry weather entices animals from the
forest out to the lakeside. However, avoid the period immediately
after the monsoons, they are more likely to remain in the forest.
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
Kerala is home to many popular National Parks of India.Parambikulam
Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the National Parks in Kerala spread
over an area of 285 sq. kilometers. The Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
is laid with serene vegetation in a valley between the Annamalai
ranges of Tamil Nadu and the Nelliampathy ranges of Kerala. This
National Park in Kerala offers a scintillating sight of rare wild
animals. The area has quite a few hill tribes here like Malayars,
Kadas, and Muthuvaas. This wildlife sanctuary has some marshy land
and scattered patches of grassland, thickly forested with stands
of bamboo, sandalwood, rosewood, and teak. Here you can find little
remains of the original teak forests, other than the famous Kannimari
teak tree, the largest in Asia as teak plantations. The tree is
about 5 km from Thunakadavu, and is one of the prime attractions
at the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary. On your tour to Kerala you
can visit the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, which has the largest
population of Gaurs (bison). It is also a home to elephants, sloth
bears, wild boars, sambhars, chital tigers, panthers, and crocodiles.
There are also bonnet macaques, spectacled cobras, kraits, vipers,
turtles, darters, little cormorants, and black eagles. Parambikulam
is open throughout the year, but is best avoided during the monsoon.
Between June and August, the monsoon rains lash, making hillsides
unstable and causing slush, mosquitoes, drippy roofs and other nuisances.
On your tour to Kerala you can enjoy a ride in the boat cruises,
which can be arranged in the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary. The
Rest House of the State Forest Department at Thunakkadvu, Thellikkal,
and Elathode offer comfortable lodging facilities. A tree house
in the Reserved Forest area in Thunakkadavu has to be booked in
advance. There are two watchtowers one at Anappadi, 8km from Thunakadavu,
and other at Zungam, 5km from Thunakadavu.
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
A land-locked district, Idukki is one of the most nature rich areas
of Kerala. Situated at an altitude of 450-748 mt above sea level,
this sanctuary occupies the forest land between the Cheruthoni river
and the Periyar river. This sanctuary extends over the Thodupuzha
and Udumpanchola taluks of Idukki district, spreading over 77 sq.
km and is about 450 - 748 m above sea level. The Idukki Reservoir
formed by three dams - Cheruthoni, Idukki and Kulamavu - extends
to 33 sq km. There is a scenic lake around the sanctuary, covered
by an enchanting canopy of tropical ever-green and deciduous trees,
and offers boat rides. Elephants, bisons, bear, wild boars, sambar
wild dogs, jungle cats, tiger, wild boar etc are seen here apart
from various species of snakes including cobra, viper, kraits and
numerous non-poisonous ones. Birds include jungle fowl, myna, laughing
thrush, black bulbul, peafowl, woodpecker, kingfisher etc. The wildlife
here is similar to that of Thekkady. This sanctuary lies adjacent
to the world renowned Idukki Arch Dam. The lake on the three sides
of the sanctuary offers a panoramic view to the tourists.
Animals: Elephant, bison, sambar deer, wild dog, jungle cat, tiger,
wild boar etc.
Birds: Jungle fowl, myna, laughing thrush, black bulbul, peafowl,
woodpecker, kingfisher etc
Snakes: Cobra, viper, krait and a number of non poisonous snakes.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
Located at Devikulam taluk of Idukki district Kerala, Chinnar Wildlife
Sanctuary is a well-known reserve that extends over an area of over
90 sq km. Recognized as a wildlife sanctuary in 1984, it lies in
the rain shadow region of the Western Ghats. As a result, Chinnar
gets only about 48 rainy days in a year during the months of October
and November when Northeast monsoons are at work.
Apart from being the habitat of the endangered giant grizzled squirrel
in India, the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is home to tigers, elephant,
bonnet macaques, gaur, Kraits, spotted deer, spectacled cobras,
sambar, turtles, vipers, little cormorants, darters and black eagles.
The place is also ideal for boating and trekking.
The sanctuary abounds in a variety of trees, including the unique
thorny scrub forest with Xerophytic species. The flora of the sanctuary
comprises dry deciduous forest, thorny scrub forests, high sholas
and wet grasslands. It is, indeed, a reservoir of tranquil greenery
ensconced the verdant valley. Among the species of flora include
Acacia arabica (Karivelam), Acacia leucofolia (Velvelam), Santalum
album (Chandanam), Anogeissuslatifolia (Mazhukanjiram), Elaeocarpus
recurvatus (Bhadraksham) and Strobilanthus kunthianus (Neelakurinji).
The rippling topography with breathtaking spectacle of craggy rocks
adds to the scenic grandeur of the sanctuary. Best Season to visit
the sanctuary is from December to April. As far as accommodation
is concerned, private lodges are available at Marayoor, Munnar and
Udumalpetta. You can also find accommodation in the government guesthouses
at Munnar and Udumalpetta.
Wayanad Wildlife Park
The Wynad Wildlife Sanctuary in the southern Indian state of Kerala
is a must for tourists looking forward to experience a bit of wilderness
during their travel in Kerala. A part of the Wynad Plateau, this
wildlife park in Kerala is famous for its tigers and leopards along
with the other wildlife that one can find during holidays in Wynad.
The sanctuary is an extension of the Bandipur National Park in Kerala
at its southern border. The region, which is a part of the Nilgiri
Biosphere Reserve, was notified in the year 1973 as a wildlife sanctuary.
The management of the park laid emphasis on creating scientific
conservation methods that are complementary to the traditional lifestyle
of the tribals residing in the region.
The Wynad Wildlife Sanctuary comprises two districts of Kerala in
India. There is a good road network that connects the sanctuary
with the other important places in Kerala and the rest of India.
The climate of the region is very much influenced by the southwest
monsoon that touches it in the months from June to September. There
is good rainfall during the northeast monsoon too in the months
of October and November. July receives the highest rainfall while
February is the driest month here. April and May are the hottest
months here while coldest months are January and February.
Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is composed of the dense forests and
the Peppara dam built on the Karamana River and was declared as
a sanctuary in 1983 to increase the drinking water supply to Thiruvananthapuram
and the adjoining suburbs. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is merged
partially with the Palode reserve (24sq.kms) and the Kottoor reserve
(29sq.kms); all the three together forming the whole of the area
covered by the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary. The wildlife sanctuary
covers an area of 53 sq.kms with the reservoir spread in an area
of 5.82 sq.kms. Located about 50kms. North East of capital city
Thiruvananthapuram in Nedumangad taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district,
the topography of the wildlife sanctuary is quite hilly.
The major wildlife species found in the wildlife sanctuary are:
tiger, panther, wild dog, lion tailed macaque, elephant, gaur, sambhar,
barking deer, mouse deer, wild boar, Nilgiri langur, Malabar squirrel
etc. The bird species especially the water birds like darter, little
cormorant, pied king fisher and egrets are most commonly seen in
the sanctuary. Several species of snakes including the king cobra
and python are dominantly present in this sanctuary. The Peppara
Wildlife Sanctuary is also famous for its wide variety of moth and
butterflies. Apart from the wildlife, there are 13 tribal settlements
in the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary.
The forest areas in the wildlife sanctuary mainly consist of three
major forest belts Southern hilltop tropical evergreen forests found
atop the hills with an elevation of above 1000m; West coast semi-
evergreen forests that occur mostly on the hills with an elevation
of 150 to 1050m; Southern moist mixed deciduous forests cover more
than 60% of the area and occupy the lower slopes of the hills.
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary
The Neyyar reservoir is easily navigable and extends 9.06 sq. km.
The vegetation varies from tropical wet evergreen to grasslands.
Agasthyakoodam of 1890 metres elevation is in this sanctuary. Elephants,
gaur, sloth bear, Nilgiri Tahr, jungle cat, wild boar, Nilgiri Langur
etc. are seen. A crocodile rearing centre, deer farm and lion safari
park are the main attractions near the dam site.
Peechi - Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary
It lies in the catchment areas of Peechi and Vazhani dams in Trichur
District. Peechi, the headquarters of the sanctuary is 15 km by
road from Trissur.
Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
Elephants, sloth bear, sambar, mouse-deer etc. are found in this
sanctuary. It is also rich in avifauna and reptiles. This sanctuary
is easily accessible from Kannur.
Thattekad Bird Sanctuary
This bird sanctuary is a peninsular land of 25 sq. km. Formed between
the branches of River Periyar. The rivers are rich in fishlife and
are shallow for most of the year. The avifauna includes both resting
indigenous birds and water birds. The most notable of the indigenous
birds are Malabar grey hornbill, grey jungle fowl, heron, egret,
jungle myna, woodpecker, rose winged and blue winged parakeet. Rare
birds like Ceylon frog-mouth, rose billed roller etc. are also seen
Chimmini Wildlife Sanctuary (Thrissur)
Main attractions: Fauna: Leopards, elephants, bears, wild pips,
wild bisons, tigers etc. Flora: Evergreen forests. Semi evergreen
forests. Leaf shedding forests. Trekking trails: Many paths up the
rocks and into the forests of the Sanctuary.